20 Examples of Flowering Plants

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The world of flowering plants can be vast and confusing, especially if you aren’t well-versed in biology. There are approximately 300,000 species of flowering plants in the world, but only about 25% of them are commonly used in home decor and landscaping. Still, these few examples of flowering plants can have a huge impact on the overall aesthetic of your home or business property, so it’s important to know what you’re doing! Here are 20 different examples of flowering plants that you can use to your advantage when decorating or landscaping your property.

20 Examples Of Flowering Plants:

#1 Lilium (Lily)

lily

Classifications:

Scientific name: Lilium

kingdom: Plantae

Clade: Monocots

Order: Liliales

Family: Liliaceae

Subfamily: Lilioideae

Genus: Lilium

The lily family contains about 1,000 species. These plants are known for their flowers in various colors, shapes, and sizes. For example, L. candidum (Yellow Madonna Lily) features blooms that rise above the foliage; L. auratum (Ornamental Onion) produces flowers on top of slender stalks; and L. regale (Bird’s-foot Lily) has bright orange flowers with brownish centers found at the bottom of each flower petal. The flowers also produce seeds that sprout new plants when dropped into warm soil after flowering ends. The plants prefer full sun and moist soil for optimal growth conditions but can tolerate varying levels of light and dryness.

#2 Lavender

lavender

Classifications:

Kingdom: Plantae 

Clase: Tracheophytes 

Order: Lamiales 

Family: Lamiaceae

Subfamily: Nepetoideae 

Genus: Lavandula 

This flowering plant is part of a genus (specifically, Lavandula) containing more than 100 different species. This fragrant herb has been used for medicinal purposes since ancient times and is widely used today as an ingredient in soaps, perfumes, and lotions. It’s also grown commercially for use in flavoring foods and liqueurs. A high-altitude perennial shrub, lavender requires full sun and well-drained soil to thrive. It blooms early summer through late fall with pinkish-purple flowers on wiry stalks reaching two feet tall or higher. Lavender is hardy in the U.S.

#3 Snapdragon

Snapdragon

Classifications:

Scientific name: Antirrhinum
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Order: Lamiales
Family: Plantaginaceae
Tribe: Antirrhineae
Genus: Antirrhinum

This flowering plant can grow from a small container or a massive shrub. Its red, pink, and yellow flowers are gorgeous in containers and as cut flowers, but its thorns make it unpleasant to get close enough to smell them. The flowery bush has a distinctive cone shape that works well in modern and traditional landscapes. If you want to grow your own seeds for next year’s blooms, allow some blossoms to remain on your plant until they turn brown; remove any buds before they open. Also known as Antirrhinum majus, snapdragons thrive in light sandy soil with regular watering and minimal sunlight. This perennial flowering plant is hardy in the U.S.

#4 Dahlia

dahlia

Classifications:

Scientific name: Dahlia
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroidea
Supertribe: Helianthodae
Tribe: Coreopsideae
Genus: Dahlia

The dahlia is a genus consisting of roughly sixty species. Dahlias come in a wide variety of colors and sizes, ranging from miniature to extra-large flowers. The large flowerhead can contain hundreds or even thousands of tiny blossoms. Even though they bloom year-round, they’re typically most eye-catching during midsummer. You can choose from single-colored dahlias, double flowers, and various bicolors too. Some even have decorative ruffles at their centers. Regardless of which you prefer, you’ll find your perfect match here.

If there’s one thing we’ve learned from growing them, it’s that regardless of whether you pick your favorites based on color or form; whether it be two dozen mini blooms per plant or ten huge blossoms per stalk; what’s important is finding plants that are healthy and robust.

#5 Rose

rose

Classification: 

Scientific Name: Rosa
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Rosoideae
Tribe: Roseae
Genus: Rosa

The rose is one of the world’s most well-known flowers, with more than 150 different species and 4,000 varieties that range in color from white to red, yellow to orange, and violet to blue. In fact, it’s believed that roses were cultivated as early as 4500 BC. The hardy flower grows on long stems and can reach up to five feet tall; they also come in various textures—some even have thorns. Roses often represent love and passion, but their significance can vary depending on culture (in Mexico, for example, it is associated with death). A symbol of beauty from ancient times until today.

Like many flowers, roses have a unique fragrance—in fact, they’re considered one of the most fragrant flowers. Their scent is often so strong that rose oil was used to make perfumes as early as 600 BC. Some popular perfume scents include rose oil and cabbage rose. The flower has also been associated with various myths and superstitions over time, such as being connected to an abundance of wishes coming true or symbolizing beauty in some cultures; in Victorian times, it was considered unlucky for a bride to cut her own wedding bouquet from a white rose bush because it signified betrayal. In more recent history, though, it has come to represent love and friendship all over again—and its popularity continues today.

#6 Orchid

orchids

Classifications:

Scientific name: Orchidaceae
Higher classification: Asparagales
Rank: Family
Family: Orchidaceae; Juss.
Kingdom: Plantae

The orchid is a perennial plant that blooms for several weeks, producing vibrant flowers for nearly every season. Orchids are one of nature’s true jewels, with some species worth more than their weight in gold. If you’re a novice gardener who wants to learn how to grow orchids and start your own collection, it can be hard to know where to begin. The most common types of orchids include Phalaenopsis (moth orchid), Cattleyas (daffodil orchid), Oncidiums (copper dust orchid), and Vanda (vanda flower).

Phalaenopsis, also called moth orchids, are perhaps one of the most widely recognized types and come in various colors and sizes. You can grow Phalaenopsis orchids in almost any environment if you know how to keep them happy. Suppose you’re planning on growing these plants indoors. In that case, it’s important to remember that they’re epiphytes, so they like air circulation and high humidity – conditions that can be easily achieved with a simple mister. Oncidiums are known as mini-daffodils because their flowers are pretty similar.

#7 Sunflower

sunflower

Classifications:

Scientific name: Helianthus
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroidea
Genus: Helianthus

Native to North America, sunflowers are cultivated worldwide for their edible seeds and colorful flowers. They have been grown in Europe since at least 1562 and have also become an important food crop in China and India. Sunflower oil is used for cooking as well as in cosmetics, soaps, and biodiesel fuel. The plants are also widely cultivated for their edible flower buds (sunflower sprouts). Like many crops, sunflowers were genetically modified to enhance yields by breeding plants that produce more seeds.

Soil bacteria called rhizobia convert nitrogen from the air into a form usable by plants. Certain kinds of legumes, including sunflowers, have a special relationship with certain rhizobia to get their nitrogen. When a sunflower seed sprouts during germination, it produces an antibiotic that kills most bacteria in its immediate area. In return for being spared, bacteria colonize around and inside each root hair within two hours.

#8 Begonia

begonia

Classifications:

Scientific name: Begonia
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Begoniaceae
Genus: Begonia

One example of a flowering plant is a begonia. The begonia genus has more than 1,000 different species within it. When people think about begonias, they usually think about begonias grown as decorative houseplants with brightly colored leaves and stems. Often used as cut flowers in bouquets, there are also numerous varieties that feature showy flowers. Some are fragrant, and many have long-lasting blooms. Whether you’re growing them in your home or taking care of them at your job, begonias are an excellent example of flowering plants for all to enjoy.

#9 Tulips

tulips

Classifications:

Scientific name: Tulipa
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Subfamily: Lilioideae
Tribe: Lilieae
Genus: Tulipa

You might think you know a lot about tulips, but here are some facts that will make you look at them differently. First, tulips belong to a group of flowering plants called Liliaceae, and there are more than 3,000 species. Second, not all tulips flower in spring – some flowers in summer and fall. Third, you can find them throughout Europe, Asia, and North America. Fourth, nearly every garden on Earth has its own type of tulip, and they come in more than 75 varieties. They also grow well in different climates too – some like colder climates while others like warmer weather. And lastly (and most interestingly), many people don’t realize that tulips are edible. Yes, they’re delicious!

#10 Daffodils

daffodil

Classifications:

Scientific name: Narcissus
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Tribe: Narcisseae
Genus: Narcissus

The bright yellow flower you see on display at most garden stores is one type of daffodil or narcissus. Daffodils can be planted in early spring and bloom just as the weather starts to warm up. Common yellow-colored varieties include Early Amstel, which typically blooms in late February; Cockroft’s Double Yellow, which appears from mid-March through April; and Golden Chieftain, which grows quickly and is full to bursting with pollen by May.

#11 Ixora

ixora

Classifications:

Scientific name: Ixora coccinea
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Ixora
Species: I. coccinea

Known by many names, including Pigeon Berry and Bloody-Thumb, Ixora is a tropical flowering plant found in Asia and Australia. A popular ingredient in Ayurvedic medicine, it has been used to treat infections, fevers, respiratory disorders, and other common ailments for thousands of years. The medicinal properties of Ixora are likely linked to its antioxidant properties; it contains some compounds that protect against oxidative stress. This could be why blood-thinning medications like Coumadin (warfarin) should not be taken with Ixora. Nonetheless, there are no documented cases of interaction between these two medications; consult your doctor before using either if you take medication regularly.

#12 Delphinium (Delphinium grandiflorum, delphinium elatum, delphinium ‘Rakuten’)

delphinium

Classifications:

Scientific name: Delphinium
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Subfamily: Ranunculoideae
Tribe: Delphinieae
Genus: Delphinium

This species is native to California, where it grows in various habitats, including chaparral and grasslands. Delphiniums are perennial flowering plants that bloom from April through June. These plants can grow to be 3 feet tall with flowers that measure up to 12 inches across. Delphinium (Delphinium elatum) is a groundcover-type perennial growing in the U.S.

#13 Arum Lily (Zantedeschia aethiopica)

Arum Lily

Classifications:

Scientific name: Zantedeschia aethiopica
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Araceae
Genus: Zantedeschia
Species: Z. aethiopica

A relative of plants like poinsettias and Callas, arum lilies come in white and purple varieties. The leaves of an arum lily will also turn purple when exposed to sunlight. Asparagus Fern (Asparagus setaceus): These tropical ferns require bright indirect light, moist soil, and a warm environment to survive. Azaleas (Rhododendron): Of all flowering plants, azaleas are among the easiest to propagate from cuttings; stick a few inches into moist soil and wrap in plastic wrap for a week before moving them into bright indirect light or natural sunlight.

#14 Pansy

Pansy

Classifications:

Scientific name: Viola tricolor var. hortensis
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
Species: V. × wittrockiana

A tender perennial, pansies are popular in English gardens. They’re easily grown from seed and bloom early in spring. Pansies are most commonly red but can also be found in yellow and purple varieties. While pansies were traditionally used to mark gravesites during religious ceremonies, they’re now mostly used as cut flowers or border plants. They grow best in a light, loamy soil that’s been enriched with plenty of compost or peat moss; keep watering to a minimum as you don’t want pansy roots to sit in water for too long.

#15 Zinnia

Zinnia

Classifications:

Scientific name: Zinnia
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Supertribe: Helianthodae
Tribe: Heliantheae
Genus: Zinnia

An annual flowering plant, zinnia is a relatively low-maintenance option that’s often used in gardens and small outdoor spaces. Known for its broad spectrum of color options, zinnias add an exciting element to any space. Their easy-to-grow nature makes them suitable for just about anyone. Growing up to 2 feet tall, you’ll have plenty of time to enjoy your flowers before they fade away. As with many perennials, you can even expect a second crop during the late summer months when it goes dormant until fall. Other than deadheading spent flowers and watering every few days or so, there isn’t much maintenance required on your part once your seeds have sprouted.

#16 Jasmine

Jasmine

Classifications:

Scientific name: Jasminum
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Order: Lamiales
Family: Oleaceae
Tribe: Jasmineae
Genus: Jasminum

Jasmine is a genus of flowering plants in the olive family Oleaceae. It contains around 200 species native to tropical and warm temperate regions of Eurasia, Australasia, and Oceania. A few other wild species have been identified in Africa, but these are not cultivated. The best-known species is Jasmine sambac; others include Jasmine Officinale, J. Alba, J. flavum, and J. grandiflorum (see illustration). Many jasmines are cultivated for their perfume or ornamental value rather than as sources of food or medicine.

Jasmine is a small flowering shrub with sweet-smelling flowers and glossy green leaves. The name jasmine comes from a Persian word that means fragrant, and Jasmine is an excellent example of a non-native plant that has become an invasive species due to its popularity with landscapers. The vine attaches itself to any nearby structure, so if you are looking for something to add some privacy along your fence line or lattice, Jasmine is ideal. It’s very hardy and adaptable to many different types of soil conditions. If you love honeysuckle but want something not quite as aggressive, try Jasmine instead.

#17 Freesia

Freesia

Classifications:

Scientific name: Freesia
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Crocoideae
Tribe: Freesieae
Genus: Freesia

Pretty flowers. Extremely durable. And a favorite among florists. Freesia is known for being relatively long-lasting as well as disease-resistant, making it a staple flower in bouquets around Valentine’s Day and Mother’s Day. Quickly grown from cuttings, you can even make your cutting garden and start your plants for free! Unfortunately, freesia does not ship well or hold up to long-distance travel, so if you want to use them for an event outside of where they were grown, it’s best to contact a local wholesaler before planning out your decorations.

However, a single stem can be good enough for some gifts. Be sure to note when exactly it will be delivered—freesia likes cooler weather but doesn’t like extreme cold—and keep an eye on its water supply at least two weeks before delivery. It should look nice and healthy on arrival but will wilt if left in hot weather. Also worth noting: while they may naturally last four days or more without fading, some chemicals allow them to remain fresh longer if desired (and will help prevent refrigeration issues). Ask your florist about proper care instructions and see what works best with your budget!

#18 Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum sp.)

Chrysanthemum

Classifications:

Scientific name: Chrysanthemum
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Supertribe: Asterodae
Tribe: Anthemideae
Genus: Chrysanthemum

This popular flowering plant is Latin and Greek, meaning ‘golden flower.’ Chrysanthemum refers to both a genus and a species. As a genus, it includes more than 300 species. In addition to ‘chrysanthemum,’ members of the Chrysanthemum genus are also known as marguerites or mums. This lovely flowering plant is commonly used in floral arrangements, garden decoration, and cut flowers.

#19 Dianthus

Dianthus

Classifications:

Scientific name: Dianthus
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Dianthus

Sometimes called pinks, Dianthus is a family of flowering plants. Also known as carnations, these colorful blooms offer many unique varieties and colors to add a pop of color to any space. They’re also highly fragrant and long-lasting, making them an excellent choice for flower arrangements or gifting. Depending on species and variety, they may bloom in spring through fall or all year long if given enough sunlight and water.

#20 Agapanthus (Agapanthus orientalis, blue agapanthus and dwarf lilyturf )

Agapanthus

Classifications:

Scientific name: Agapanthus
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Agapanthoideae
Genus: Agapanthus

Agapanthus is a flowering plant in the genus Agapanthus (sometimes called lilyturf) with blue flowers native to South Africa, Angola, and Madagascar. It is commonly known as lily-of-the-Nile in Britain and Australia after its roots were shipped from Egypt. The plant should not be confused with Lily of the Valley, a completely different species. Agapanthus Orientalis ‘Violetto’ has violet-blue flowers that are particularly striking when used as cut flowers. It needs plenty of water when in growth but should not be overwatered as rot will result if drainage is poor or excessive moisture is retained around its rhizomes.

Conclusion of Examples of Flowering Plants

There are many examples of flowering plants, but it is important to remember that not all plants with flowers are actually considered flowering plants. But any time you see a plant whose reproductive parts are visible in some way, you should realize it falls into one of these two categories.

And here’s what we’ve learned about them: flowering plants make up about 95 percent of vascular plant species and have been around for well over 300 million years; although there are far more flowering plants than gymnosperms (seedless plants), there are still thousands upon thousands of different types of each category.

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